Every year since 2008, the National Association of Home Builders (NAHB) has conducted an annual census that collects company and demographic data from its members. It subsequently publishes these results here in HousingEconomics.com.
This article updates previous studies with results from the 2017 annual census on the characteristics of NAHB’s associate members. Associate members are involved in a wide range of support industries and professions including, among others, trade contractors, manufacturers, retailers/distributors, designers, and architects. Builder members are defined as those whose primary business is single-family home building, multifamily building, residential or commercial remodeling, commercial building, land development, or manufacturing of modular/panelized/log homes. At the end of 2017, 77,733 associate members represented 68 percent of the total NAHB membership. Builder members make up the remaining 32 percent and an article highlighting them can be found here.
41% of Associate Members are Subcontractors/Specialty Trade Contractors
Associate members could self-identify as one of 42 specialties when selecting a primary activity. These activities are grouped into 6 broader categories: 41 percent of associate members are subcontractors/specialty trade contractors, 12 percent have a professional specialty, 11 percent are retail dealers/distributors, 9 percent work in financial services, and 5 percent are wholesale dealers/distributors. Twenty-one percent of members listed some other associate activity as their primary business activity (Exhibit 1).
The share of associate members involved in any one of the 42 activities shifted by 1 percentage point or less from 2016 to 2017 (Exhibit 2). When grouped into the broader categories, it is also clear that the share of associates in each has not shifted by more than one percentage point in recent years, with the exception of “other associates”, which grew from 19 percent in 2015 to 21 percent in 2017.
55% of Associates Have 10 or More Employees
In 2017, associate members had a median of 11 employees on payroll, up from 10 in both 2015 and 2016. The 11 employees reported by associate members in 2017 is the highest median ever recorded since the inception of the Associate Census in 2008. Seven percent of associate members had 1 employee, 17 percent had 2 to 4 employees, 20 percent had 5 to 9, 37 percent had 10 to 49, 7 percent had 50 to 99 employees, and 11 percent had 100 or more employees. One percent had no payroll at all (Exhibit 3).
The median number of employees on an associate member’s payroll varies significantly by the company’s primary activity. For example, wholesale dealership/distributorships had a median of 21 paid employees in 2017, compared to a median of 8 employees among those in professional specialties.
Median Dollar Volume Rises in 2017
The median dollar volume of associate members was $2.6 million in 2017, up from a median of $2.4 million in 2016. Twenty-three percent of associate members reported a 2017 dollar volume of less than $500,000, 14 percent reported between $500,000 and $999,999, 31 percent between $1.0 million and $4.9 million, 10 percent between $5.0 million and $9.9 million, 5 percent between $10.0 million and $14.9 million, and 16 percent reported their dollar volume in 2017 at $15.0 million or more. One percent of associate members reported no business activity in 2017 (Exhibit 4 & 5).
Levels of revenue also vary widely across primary activity categories. For example, financial service and wholesale dealership/distributor members reported medians of $11.6 million and $10.1 million in 2017 revenue, respectively, compared to $1.1 million for professional specialty members, $1.3 million for subcontractor/specialty trade contractor members, $3.2 million for members involved in some other associate activity, and $4.4 million for retail dealership/distributor members.
Age, Race and Ethnicity
The median age of NAHB associate members in 2017 was 56 years. Six percent of associate members were less than 35 years old, 14 percent were 35 to 44, 27 percent were 45 to 54, 37 percent were 55 to 64, and 16 percent were 65 or older (Exhibit 6). The median age of associate members has been trending upwards: it was 50 in 2008, 52 in both 2009 and 2010, 53 in 2011, 54 from 2012 to 2014, 55 in both 2015 and 2016, and 56 in 2017 (Exhibit 7).
The vast majority of NAHB’s associate members are White. Ninety-six percent of associate members identified themselves as White, alone; 1 percent as Black or African-American, alone; and 1 percent as two or more races. Less than half a percent identified as Asian, alone; Pacific Islander, alone; or American Indian or Alaska Native, alone. One percent of associate members identified themselves as some other race (Exhibit 8). In terms of ethnicity, only 3 percent of associates are of Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin (Exhibit 9).
52% of Associate Members Have a Bachelor’s Degree or Higher
Since 2008, the share of NAHB associate members with a college or advanced degree has been at or above 50 percent. In 2017, 2 percent reported that they did not finish high school. Fourteen percent completed high school, 7 percent have career technical training, 25 percent have had some college education, 40 percent finished college, and 12 percent have an advanced/graduate degree (Exhibit 10).
The share of associate members with a college or graduate degree varies across companies’ primary activities. Eighty percent of professional specialty members have a degree, compared to 33 percent of subcontractor/specialty trade contractors, 51 percent of retail dealership/distributorship members, 57 percent of wholesale dealership/distributorship members, 64 percent of members in some other associate activity, and 68 percent of members in financial services.
More than Half Have Been Members for a Decade or More
In 2017, associate members reported belonging to NAHB for a median of 10 years, unchanged from both 2015 and 2016. Twenty-three percent have been members for less than 3 years, 26 percent for 3 to 9 years, 25 percent for 10 to 19 years, and 27 percent for 20 years or more (Exhibit 11).
A profile for each category of associate member is available in the “Additional Resources” box at the top of this article.
This article will use median values, as averages can be inflated by large companies. Medians are largely unaffected by these outliers because it calculates the middle most value, not taking into account how high the highest values are. An increase in a median’s value indicates an overall shift of all the associate members, not a change in a few large associate members.
For more information about this item, please contact Carmel Ford at 800-368-5242 x8503 or via email at firstname.lastname@example.org.